Tuesday, April 18, 2006

Annotated Bibliography

Azulay, Jessica. “New Orleans Neighborhoods Struggling to Rebuild.” The NewStandard 26 Nov. 2005. 21 Feb. 2006 < http://www.alternet.org/katrina/28679/>

This article is about how homeowners are finding that they have no place to live after their homes were destroyed. There are problems with the FEMA trailers that were promised are not being brought and that they are very important in keeping New Orleans alive. Those who live in the Lower Ninth, where there is a high property ownership rate, feels as though they are being pushed to move into other neighborhoods to rebuild. They bring up the issue of why the government is paying for people to be displaced around the country when they should be putting that money towards rebuilding their homes in the city while they live in a FEMA trailer. If everyone were back in the city then rebuilding could happen a lot faster. In the Lower Ninth Ward they can’t be trailers in because many of the houses do not have power and therefore they couldn’t connect the trailer to anything.


Burdeau, Cain. “’Big Easy’ Thinking Big in Rebuilding Plan.” Northwest Herald 11 Jan. 2006. 23 Feb. 2006 <http://www.nwherald.com/MainSection/other/159393834754286.php>

This article gives different possibilities of how the city of New Orleans could be reconstructed. It gives ideas that seem to be extreme like building a network of bike paths and establishing a top flight school system. The residents of the city are allowed to play a big role in this. There are committees and subcommittees that will meet in order to figure out the best plan for the city. The process is allowing people to speak up about what their dream for their city is. It shows that many dreams for the city include the rebuilding of low lying areas like the Lower Ninth. Ideas have also been propose concerning businesses and tax credits to those who build their businesses back up. Homeowners are concerned with people coming and making decisions concerning their city that are not from the area and really don’t know what they are talking about. They are worried that all these proposals are being made about many different aspects of life but that no one is concerned about the big picture and protecting them on a larger scale.


Chen, Michelle. “New Orleans Homeowners Fight to Save Homes from Bulldozers.” The New Standard 06 Jan. 2006. 25 Feb. 2006 <http://newstandardnews.net/content/index.cfm/items/2731 >

This gives an account of a family that lived in the Lower Ninth Ward and how it left them and many other families displaced. It talks about how the demolitions plan reflect the idea that officials want the city to be whiter and more affluent by closing the door on minority communities of lower socio economic statuses. Many activists and public interest lawyers are fighting for these families saying that for them to destroy the properties without notifying the homeowners and getting their approval would be violating their due process rights. Brings the antipoverty group ACORN up and discusses their role in helping the families of the Lower Ninth. Some homeowners involved say that they do not object to their homes being bulldozed because it is necessary but they want some sort of closure and a plan about their future.


Connolly, Ceci. “9th Ward: History, Yes, but a Future?” Washington Post 3 Oct. 2005. 25 Feb. 2006 <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/02/AR2005100201320_pf.html>

This article is all about the history of the Lower Ninth Ward and how it is known for its poverty, its jazz artists, its bad luck, but most of all its resilience. It talks about the probability of it being bulldozed and the process of the firefighters marking houses with red tags if they were going to be demolished. It gives a vivid description of what it looked like in New Orleans and in the Lower Ninth. It brings up the issue of whether or not the hurricane will expose underlying tension over race and social class. Officials say that in letting people live in the area again we are putting them in harms way. It talks about the Mississippi River Floods and how the government paid to relocate homes damaged by it in 1993. Tells there are over 160,000 buildings in Louisiana that are unsalvageable. States that the Lower Ninth Ward is the only area of the city that will not be rebuilt.


Cotton, Deborah. “From the Ground Up: Attorneys Advise Residents Regarding ‘Bulldozing Campaign’ in the Lower Ninth Ward.” Katrina Help Center Feb. 2006. 25 Feb. 2006 <http://www.thebeehive.org/Templates/HurricaneKatrina/Level3NoFrills.aspx?PageId=1.5369.6532.6887>

This article talks about how a group of attorneys met to discuss the issue of the Lower Ninth Ward being bulldozed. The lawyers won a settlement in favor of the property owners. They are allowed to have a week or more to react in the event that their home is in the line to be bulldozed. It is all about giving the homeowners an opportunity to come back and save their homes sine many of them are displaced around the country and have not even seen what has happened to their homes.


“Death of and American City” New York Times 11 Dec. 2005. 23 Feb. 2006 <http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/11/opinion/11sun1.html?ei=5090&en=4b8c42aa8c1afdad&ex=1291957200&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss&pagewanted=print>

This tells how Bush talked about how it is not possible to imagine America without New Orleans and how he has not stuck to his word because months have gone by without some areas like the Lower Ninth being rebuilt yet. It brings up all the unanswered questions about the levee systems, the garbage situation, etc. It talks about how the reconstruction process has no real plan and bad leadership. It brings up the scare of the next hurricane season and what the costs that building back up the levee system by the time it arrives will be. It compares this sum to the amount of money we have spent on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan as to show what our government values. The whole article makes the reader see that they need to be a part of this change because it is going to take a lot more than we think to rebuild the city.

Dreier, Peter. “Katrina in Perspective.” Common Dreams News Center 15 Sept. 2005. 28 Feb. 2006 <http://www.commondreams.org/views05/0915-27.htm>

Tells that conservatists, like the president, are posing strategies that aren’t working and how we need to reduce the role of the government because the events have left it “paralyzed”. Tells that Katrina has shown us how much we really need the government and how we need it to work fairly and efficiently. It is important that plans are made in this kind of event and tells that we don’t only need a strong federal government, but strong local governments as well. It states the apparent class and race faults that were in place in the city and how they caused the effects of Katrina to be so biased. It states that New Orleans is one of the nations poorest country and points out that the government expected everyone to evacuate including those who had no means to. It sums up with the idea of reconstruction and its costs to do so. It compares relief efforts that are given to earthquakes and such and also raises questions as to what kind of reconstruction efforts should be made, including concerns about employment.


Frank, Thomas. “Rootedness May Save Lower Ninth.” USA Today. 05 Dec. 2005. 23 Feb. 2006. <http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-12-05-new-orleans-lower-ninth_x.htm>

This article talks about the Lower Ninth Ward had become an icon for the city soon after the storm came. It tells of volunteers who come to rebuild and homeowners visions and dreams for the area after the rebuilding process. It gives a few demographics of the neighborhoods like income and diversity rates. It tells how those who grow up in the Ninth Ward want to stay in the area when they grow up and gives quotes of owners saying so. It tells that the area is two square miles and it was among the most damaged in the city.


Gratz, Roberta Brandes. “In New Orleans’ Mud, A Ward Determined Not To Slip Away.” Common Dreams News Center 7 Nov. 2005. 23 Feb. 2006
<http://www.commondreams.org/views05/1107-28.htm>

This tells of the Lower Ninth Ward’s historic values and sense of community. It says that the neighborhood is very close in family history, social connections, etc. It shows concern with how the area may be bulldozed. It tells that many of the people who live in the Lower Ninth Ward feel as though they are not being fairly represented and how they mistrust the leaders. It talks about how the homeowners that live in the Lower Ninth are rich in things that aren’t material. It also gives accounts of people who live in the area and tells how people like Fats Domino lived in the area, not because he was restricted their but because he loved it.


Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Copyright 2000-2005. 23 Nov. 2005. Knowledge Works. 23 Feb. 2006. < www.gnocdc.org >

This gives the statistics for the New Orleans area and more specifically the area of the Lower Ninth Ward. It gives statistics of income to home ownership to number of single mothers.


Harden, Blaine. “The Economics of Return.” Washington Post 19 Oct. 2005. 23 Feb. 2006 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-/content/article/2005/10/18/AR2005101801910.html

This begins as a narrative of a middle income family affected by the hurricane whose home had over seven feet of water in it. It tells how they struggled through losing their home and cars and how they had to deal with the insurance company. It gets into the way that the city has affluent families and poor families living side by side in some areas and how when the city is rebuilt, the demographics are going to change. He thinks its going to be smaller, richer, and whiter than it was before the storm. It gives many quotes and stories on the way homeowners feel about the rebuilding process. The families all say that they just need to go with the flow of everything that has happened. Lastly, it brings Hurricane Betsey into our minds with comparing its affects to that of Katrina.


Hirschkorn, Phil. “New WTC Tower Design Made Public.” CNN.com 29 June 2005. 12 March 2006 http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/06/29/wtc.tower.redesign/index.html

This article is about the latest designs for the World Trade Center. It tells what it is going to be made of as well as its new location. It gives quotes from the police and other officials concerning the rebuilding process and they comment on the protection it is going to offer.

Johnson, David and Shmuel Ross. “World Trade Center History.” Pearson Education Inc. 12 March 2006. http://www.infoplease.com/spot/wtc1.html

This is a short article on the World Trade Center and the extravagant rebuilding plans for it after the terrorist attacks of September 11th. It talks about how the towers were going to rebuilt into a memorial for the victims of the attacks and even about making a Freedom Tower that would make it the highest building currently standing in the world. It also gives the costs of making the new building.

Klein, Naomi. “Purging the Poor.” Common Dreams News Center 23 Sept. 2005. 23 Feb. 2006 < http://www.commondreams.org/views05/0923-24.htm >

This article talks about how many people are worried that New Orleans isn’t going to get fixed like everyone is promising. The writer believes that many of the African Americans who live in New Orleans are not going to be welcomed back to rebuild their city because there is an “ethnic cleansing” that is happening in the city. He states how the white areas of the city are higher above sea level and are being rebuilt faster than the predominately African American neighborhoods. Tells that the city now has a chance for “21st century thinking” and that rather than rebuilding poor areas of town there needs to be a variety of income level houses spread all over the city.


Lambourne, Helen. “New Orleans ‘Risks Extinction’”. BBC News 2 Feb. 2006. 23 Feb. 2006 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4673586.stm

This article is about how there is a possibility that New Orleans could be only the first of many cities to “face extinction” around the world. It talks about how New Orleans was lucky that it lasted as long as it did because the natural wetlands that protected the area are all gone now. It talks about how the levees aren’t the best solution to protecting the area, the wetlands are. It also talks about the Mississippi river and the sedimentary process that occurs with annual flooding to wetlands. It states that Louisiana has the highest rate of coastal land loss and has sunk 4.6 meters since 1878. Lastly, it talks about how officials believe that it would take over twenty years to build back the barrier reefs need to protect the city but it is our only real way of saving the city in the future.

Slivka, Judd. “Another Flood that Stunned America.” U.S. News and World Report 12 Sept. 2005 23 Feb 2006 http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/050912/12leadall.b.htm

This article talks about the flooding that occurred from the Hurricane due to the levees breaching. It relates the flood to that of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and how that was one of the most catastrophic events that happened to the South. It didn’t hit New Orleans and thus compare Katrina’s flooding and devastation to its own. It told about how the flooding in each incident caused the levees to break. During the Great Mississippi Flood a plan was made to save New Orleans by blowing up levees thirteen miles south of New Orleans, diverting the waters to a different area in which the homeowners there never received promised reimbursement.

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