lesson plan for science class
April 24, 2006
1. The student will be able to explore and comprehend the basic characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases.
2. The student will be able to understand processes needed to change matter from one state to another (condensation, evaporation, melting, and freezing)
SOL Correlation: SOL 2.3 Matter
In groups of four the students will need three plastic ziploc bags, a small block of wood or other solid item, one cup of water, one bottle of soda, and one balloon.
Type of Lesson/Format: Interactive
First I will ask the student what matter is and write a KWL chart on the board. I will fill in what they know already about it. Then I will read them the book, “Matter: Touch it, Taste It, Smell It”, while asking them the questions presented in the book. I will read all the fun facts to them so that they become engaged because they are interesting. Then I will take them outside and have them find things in that we read in the book that are each state of matter.
I will then tell them that we will be doing an experiment and write what they want to know on the KWL chart. I will put the students in groups of four and give each group all of the materials above. I will designate each student a different role so that they all feel that they have a responsibility in the experiment. Then I will help them fill one bag with a cup of water and close it tightly, put the block or other solid object in another bag, and then blow air into the last bag. I will have them make observations about each bag and then differentiate among them which is a solid, liquid, and a gas. Then I will have them take a soda bottle and put a balloon on the top very tightly and quickly and observe what happens for the remainder of the class lesson, to show how the gas travels from the soda and fills the balloon.
Stille, Darlene R. “Matter: See It, Touch It, Taste It, Smell It.” Minneapolis, Minnesota: Picture Window Books, 2004.
This book gives the different states of matter through the use of colorful pages and pictures so that the students can see the states of matter in their daily lives. It also gives an experiment showing different solids and whether they are hard of soft, whether the items tear, break, or float.
Tocci, Salvatore. “Experiments with Solids, Liquids, and Gases”. New York: Children’s Press, 2001.
This book gives a description of solids, liquids, and gases. It gives experiments that can be implemented in the classroom in order to make the students see the different states of matter. My favorite experiment is in putting a glass on top of a few books and another glass on the table beside it. Then put a cloth in the cup with the mud and have it fall into the empty glass on the table. Leave it overnight and the cups with eventually separate into the mud in one and clean water in the other.
Fleisher, Paul. “Matter and Energy: Principles of Matter and Thermodynamics.” Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Company, 2002.
This book gives a more detailed look at the laws of conservation of matter. It is a book that I think it would consult before teaching the lesson to the students to make sure that I had the proper knowledge for the subject in case they had any questions to ask about it. It is not a young children’s book. It gives biographies of a few scientists and a spot for further reading.